HomeResearchVRSB project

VRSB project


Voting Rules and Strategic Behavior. Field and laboratory experiments in the Romanian context (VRSB)

Funded by The Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI), through The National Plan II, program Ideas – Exploratory Research Projects PN-II-ID-PCE-2011-3-0746 (Contract no. 131/31.10.2011).

Implemented by National School of Political and Administrative Studies, Department of Political Science, Project Manager Professor Adrian MIROIU

Period: 60 months (October, 31st 2011 – October 30th, 2016)

Description:

Building on the psychological effect identified by Duverger (1951) and on Plott’s (1989) equation regarding the fact that outcomes are a function of preferences and rules, the project aims to analyze the strategic behavior of voters and to some extent of candidates under alternative voting rules. The methods employed combine field experiments during local and general elections in Romania in 2012, where existing rules (plurality, 2 rounds majority and 2 types of PR) can be analyzed in comparison to additional rules like approval and Borda, laboratory experiments and computer simulations to test the robustness of field findings. Using mixed methods will strengthen the validity of the results, as field experiments allow research under real life conditions, while lab experiments and computer simulations allow simulations of a wide variety of voting rules, while keeping the environment constant and vice versa and analyze the impact on behavior. Research on voting rules, with a particular focus on the rules used in Romanian elections, will contribute to a better understanding of the effects voting rules produce on the behavior of both candidates and voters and thus contribute to the ongoing debate regarding electoral reform. Furthermore, although research will be done in the Romanian context, results can be used to draw broader conclusions necessary to understand voting behavior and improve the existing electoral competition theoretical models.

Team:

Professor Adrian MIROIU –Project Director

PhD.  Dana Irina IONITA –Research Assistant

PhD. Candidate Mirela VLASCEANU – Research Assistant

PhD.  Andra Maria ROESCU – Research Assistant

PhD. Gabriel Alexandru VÎIU - Research Assistant

 

Objectives

 

The general objective of the project is to study the impact of different voting rules on voters and candidate behavior in the Romanian context. The expected results of the project are related to the specific objectives that were designed in order to achieve the more general objective, as follows:

 

Specific objective 1: To study the impact on behavior of existing voting rules –plurality, 2 round majority and PR-to approval and Borda rule in the context of real Romanian 2012 local and general elections, using field experiments.

 Specific objective 2: To test the robustness of field findings in the laboratory, using experiments and computer simulations.

 Specific objective 3: To draw wider conclusions regarding the existing theoretical models on voting behavior and their applicability in context specific situations.

 

Activities and results 

 

Phase

Objective

Activities

Results

2011-2012

Specific Objective 1

Designing and implementing a pilot field study during the Romanian local elections in June 2012

-A field experiment organized during the local elections in Romania 2012

-A database consisting in the results of the first field experiment

-A field experiment  organized during the general elections in Romania 2012

-A laboratory experiment organized with NSPAS’s students

- A database consisting in the results of the laboratory experiment

-1 ISI article published 

- 1 international indexed article accepted for publication

- 7 presented papers at international scientific events

-4 summer schools/training programs attended

-2 annual intermediary scientific reports

Designing and implementing a field experiment during the Romanian general elections in December 2012

Specific Objective 2

Designing and implementing a laboratory experiment with social sciences students

Specific Objective 3

Writing scientific papers

Attending national and international conferences by the team members

Attending summer schools and training courses on experiments, statistical research methods and computerized simulations by team members

Writing annual intermediary scientific reports

2013

Specific Objective 1

Designing and implementing a field experiment during the Romanian general elections in December 2012

-A database consisting in the results of the field experiment organized during the general elections

-A replication of the laboratory experiment organized with Transilvania’s University from Brasov students

- A database consisting in the results of the replicated laboratory experiment

-2 international indexed articles published

-2 chapters in collective volumes published

- 1 presented paper at international scientific events

-1 annual intermediary scientific report

Specific Objective 2

Designing and implementing a laboratory experiment with social sciences students

Specific Objective 3

Writing scientific papers

Writing annual intermediary scientific reports

2014

Specific Objective 1

Designing and implementing a field experiment during the Romanian partial elections in May 2014

-A replication of the field experiment organized

-A database consisting in the results of the field experiment organized during the partial elections

- 2 presented papers at international scientific events

-1 letter for the editor published in an ISI journal

-3 articles transmitted for publication in international indexed journals

-2 chapters in collective volumes published

-1 annual intermediary scientific report

Specific Objective 3

Writing scientific papers

Attending national and international conferences by the team members

Writing annual intermediary scientific reports

2015

Specific Objective 2

Conducting a series of computer simulations

-A methodology for conducting computer simulations

-A database consisting in the results of the computer simulations

Specific Objective 3

Writing scientific papers

- 3 presented papers at international scientific events

-1 chapter in a collective volume published

-1 article transmitted for publication in an ISI journal

- A volume consisting in all experimental findings  drafted

-1 annual intermediary scientific report

Attending national and international conferences by the team members

Writing annual intermediary scientific reports

2016

Specific Objective 1

Designing and implementing a field experiment during the Romanian local elections in June 2016

-A replication of the field experiment

-A database consisting in the results of the field experiment organized during the local elections

-2 articles published in ISI journals

-1 paper presented at an international conference

- 2 summer schools/training programs attended

- one scientific report

 

 

 

Specific Objective 3

Writing scientific papers

Attending national and international conferences by the team members

Attending summer schools and training courses on experiments, statistical research methods and computerized simulations by team members

Writing annual intermediary scientific reports

 

 

Results:

Scientific papers presented at National and International Conferences:

1.       Andra-Maria ROESCU, Adrian MIROIU, Dana Irina IONIȚĂ, Mirela VLĂSCEANU - Candidate behavior under the 2008 Romanian electoral system. Evidence from the lab paper presented by  Andra-Maria ROESCU and  Mirela VLĂSCEANU at „5th Annual NYU-CESS Experimental Political Science Workshop” New York, United States of America, 1st – 5th of March, 2013.

2.       Andra-Maria ROESCU - Consequences of the 2008 Romanian electoral reform: candidates, parties and mechanical effects of the new electoral system, paper presented at  POLITICAL THEORIES AND ELECTORAL PRACTICES IN A CHANGING WORLD conference, at University of Oradea on 25th of May, 2012

3.       Dana Irina IONIȚĂ - Electoral rules and coalition formation in Central and Eastern Europe paper presented at  POLITICAL THEORIES AND ELECTORAL PRACTICES IN A CHANGING WORLD conference, at University of Oradea on 25th of May, 2012

4.       Andra-Maria ROESCU, Adrian MIROIU  - Constraints and implications of a multilevel electoral system. Evidence from Romania paper presented by  Andra Maria ROESCU at  „2nd Annual General Conference of the European Political Science Association”, Berlin, Germany 21st – 23rd of June, 2012

5.       Andra-Maria ROESCU, Adrian MIROIU - The Effects of the new Romanian Electoral System on the Electoral Behavior of the candidates paper presented by Andra-Maria ROESCU at „XXI World Congress of Political Science” organized by International Political Science Association, Madrid Spain 9th-12th of July, 2012

6.        Dana Irina IONIȚĂ - Coalition Formation at the Regional Level in Romania paper presented at „XXI World Congress of Political Science” organized by International Political Science Association, Madrid Spain 9th-12th of July, 2012

7.        Adrian MIROIU - CHOOSING A COMMITTEE WITH A NON-FIXED SIZE  paper presented at „11th Meeting of Society for Social Choice and Welfare, 2012”, New Delhi, India, 15th – 21st of  August, 2012

8.        Andra-Maria ROESCU – Psychological effects of different voting rules. Evidence from Romania paper presented at  „3rd Annual General Conference of the European Political Science Association”, Barcelona, Spain, 20th – 22nd of June, 2013

-    Adrian MIROIU, The Majority Rule In A Three-Valued Logic Framework, paper presented at The 12th Meeting of the Society for Social Choice and Welfare, Boston USA, 18th – 21st June, 2014

- Andra-Maria ROESCU, The psychological and mechanical effects of voting rules. Evidence from the Romanian parliamentary elections paper presented at The 12th Meeting of the Society for Social Choice and Welfare, Boston USA, 18th – 21st June, 2014. 

-Gabriel-Alexandru Vîiu, Adrian Miroiu, Rank reversal in university league tables: a social choice approach, paper presented at Joint Conference on “Logic, Game Theory, and Social Choice 8” and “The 8th Pan-Pacific Conference on Game Theory”, Taipei, Taiwan, May 16-24 2015

 

-Adrian Miroiu, Individuals, individual concepts and social choice, paper presented at Joint Conference on “Logic, Game Theory, and Social Choice 8” and “The 8th Pan-Pacific Conference on Game Theory”, Taipei, Taiwan, May 16-24, 2015 (co-author Mircea Dumitru)

 

-Gabriel-Alexandru Vîiu, Adrian Miroiu, Research-driven classification and ranking in higher education: An empirical appraisal of a Romanian policy experience, paper presented at 15th International Society of Scientometrics and Informetrics Conference, Istanbul, Turkey, June 26th – July 4th 2015, published in  Salah, A.A., Tonta,Y., Salah, A.A.A., Sugimoto, C., Al, U. (Editori): Proceedings of ISSI 2015 Istanbul (2015), Istanbul: Boğaziçi University Printhouse (ISBN 978-975-518-381-7), pp. 622–633 (co-authors Mihai Păunescu)

-Adrian MIROIU - ARISTOTLE’S SOCIAL CHOICE FUNCTION paper presented at  „The 13th Meeting of the Society for Social Choice and Welfare”, in Lund, Swedwn, 26.06 – 02.07.2016.

 

 

Published papers:

1.       Andra-Maria ROESCU, 2012, STUDYING CAUSAL INFERENCE IN POLITICAL SCIENCE. THE CASE OF EXPERIMENTS,  in Analele Universitatii Oradea, International Relations and European Studies, pp. 98-112.

2.       Adrian MIROIU, Axiomatizing the Hirsch Index: Quantity and Quality Disjoined in „Journal of Infometrics” vol. 7 (2013), pp. 10-15

3.       Adrian MIROIU, 2013, Responsiveness axioms and the majority rule, in „Economics Bulletin”, vol. 33, no. 1, pag 740-746.

1.       Andra-Maria ROESCU - Competiția intra și interpartinică în alegerile parlamentare din 2008 și 2012 din România [in Romanian; Intra and interparty competition at the 2008 and 2012 Romanian parliamentary elections], in Adrian MIROIU, Șerban CERKEZ (coord.) Competiția politică în România, ed. Polirom, Iași.

Dana Irina IONIȚĂ - Formarea guvernelor minoritare în Europa Centrală și de Est [in Romanian; The formation of minority goverments in Central and Eastern Europe], in Adrian MIROIU, Șerban CERKEZ (coord.) Competiția politică în România, ed. Polirom, Iași.

-Adrian MIROIU, How Many Athletes Qualified for the London Olympic Games?, in Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 65  (2014), p. 1728

-Miroiu, Adrian (coautor) Many-Valued Logic and Social Choice Theory: the Case of the Majority Rule, în Pârvu, I. et al.  (eds.), Romanian Studies in Philosophy of Science, Springer, Dordrecht, 2015

-Adrian Miroiu, Mihai Păunescu, Gabriel-Alexandru Vîiu: „Ranking Romanian academic departments in three fields of study using the g-index” in Quality in Higher Education, 21(2), 2015, pag. 189-212, DOI: 10.1080/13538322.2015.1051794

-Adrian Miroiu,2015, „Despre rolul experimentelor în științele sociale. Cazul științei politice”, in Flonta, M. et al. (eds.) Filosofia științelor umane. In memoriam Mihail Radu Solcan, University of Bucharest Publishing House, Bucharest, 2015, ISBN  978-606-16-0612-2. 

-Adrian Miroiu, Introducere, in Miroiu, Adrian and Iris Patricia Golopența, (coord.) Acțiune colectivă și bunuri comune în societatea românească, [in Romanian: Collective action and common goods in the Romanian society] Iași, Polirom.

-Gabriel-Alexandru Vîiu , A theoretical evaluation of Hirsch-type bibliometric indicators confronted with extreme self-citation , Journal of Informetrics, 10/2 (2016), pp. 552–566.

-Gabriel-Alexandru Vîiu, Mihai Păunescu, Adrian Miroiu  Research-driven classification and ranking in higher education: An empirical appraisal of a Romanian policy experience , Scientometrics, 107/2 (2016), pp. 785– 805

 

Progress reports:

Progress Report for the period from October 2011 to December 2012

Progress Report for the period from January 2013 to December 2013

Progress Report for the period from January 2014 to December 2014

Progress Report for the period from January 2015 to December 2015

Progress Report for the period from October 2011 to November 2016

Free business joomla templates